Hello! Chemotherapy relies on various classes of drugs, such as alkylating agents, antimetabolites, anthracyclines, topoisomerase inhibitors, and mitotic inhibitors, which act on rapidly dividing cells, including cancer cells, by disrupting the cell cycle and preventing their proliferation. In terms of advances, ongoing research is aimed at developing more effective and targeted chemotherapy options. Immunotherapy, precision medicine, and treatments such as immune checkpoint inhibitors and CAR-T cell therapies promise to provide personalized treatments, more on https://www.2dg.org/ The field is dynamic, with ongoing efforts to identify new drug targets and pathways that offer hope for improved cancer treatment outcomes.